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Anatomy of Plants


Characteristics and Structures of Plants
Algae and Classification of Plants
Bryophytes (Moss, Liverwort)
Pteridophytes (Fern, Club Moss, Horsetail)
Gymnosperms (Cyced, Ginko, Conifers)
Angiosperms (Oak, Maple, Basil, ...)

Characteristics and Structures of Plants

General Structures of Plants (Figure 07):

Plant Anatomy
    The Root System:
  • It is usually underground.
  • It anchors the plant in the soil.
  • The root absorbs then conducts water and minerals to the stem.
  • It is a food storage.
    The Shoot System:
  • It is usually above ground to elevates the plant from the soil.
  • The shoot system includes the stem, the leaves, and the reproductive organs.
  • It provides many functions including -
    • photosynthesis.
    • reproduction and dispersal.
    • nutrients and water conduction.
The internal structures and specific functions are shown in Figure 02.

Figure 07 Plant Anatomy
[view large image]

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